As the elaborate age of Baroque and Rococo drew to a close, appreciation for classical restraint resurfaced. It signalled a return to order and rationality but it
The Neoclassical period first gained influence in England and France. It is characterised by its clarity and refinement using subtle colours, strong horizontal and vertical forms, clean elegant lines, uncluttered appearance and a timeless antique charm.https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/neo-classicism/a/neoclassicism-an-introduction
Early Neoclassical design in the Palace of Caserta, constructed in 1952.
The excavation and archaeological discoveries of Pompeii and Herculaneum resulted in a folio collection, Le Antichità di Ercolano, an illustrated compendium of archeological finds from Ancient Rome. The books illustrations helped popularise classic design and spark the imagination of European and American designers who used them as models for modern design.
NEOCLASSICAL BUILDING TYPES:http://www.essential-humanities.net/western-art/architecture/neoclassical-romantic/#neoclassical-architecture
A temple style building
The Pantheon in Paris, designed by Jacques-Germain Soufflot and built between 1758-1790.
The Glyptothek in Munich, designed by architect Leon von Klenze and built 1816–1830.
The Library of Sainte-Genevièv in France by Henri Labrouste between 1838-1850.
Often called the age of reason (The Enlightenment), the neoclassical period was a symbol of change and question. Its goal was to use reason to reform science and advance knowledge, replacing religion with natural philosophy. Science was relied on heavily to answer questions and give reason to civilisation. "This was a period of political and military unrest, economic growth, the rise of the middle class, the rise of literacy, the invention of marketing, the rise of the Prime Minister, and social reforms." - Dr Fike
The society was becoming more educated, books were becoming more affordable and knowledge became more accessible to a wider audience. Anyone could become a published author.
Mary Wollstonecraft, 1759-1797
If it wasn’t for the revolution of science and the desire for philosophical, political, social and ethical knowledge in the neoclassical society, we may not have been introduced to the idea of morals and reason. The development of human rights and the independence of individuals can be linked to neoclassical intellectuals and the change they have created for us all.